behavioral adaptations of insects

Dissertation for Master’s, Southwest University, Chongqing. Chng, W. A., Hietakangas, V., and Lemaitre, B. B. Synthesis of lipids in the fat body of Gryllus bimaculatus: age-dependency and regulation by adipokinetic hormone. Received: 23 September 2018; Accepted: 11 February 2019;Published: 05 March 2019. Huang, F. X., Jiang, S., Ren, X. Y., An, T., Chen, H. Y., and Zhang, L. S. (2015). Effects of starvation on the carbohydrate metabolism in Harmonia axyridis (Pallas). Previous reviews have summarized insect tolerance to starvation and hunger regulation mechanisms such as physiological adaptations to sugar intake (Chng et al., 2017), neurohormone adaptation (Perić-Mataruga, 2006) and diapause (Hahn and Denlinger, 2007). Starvation tolerance of rotifers produced from parthenogenetic eggs and from diapausing eggs: a life table approach.  |  doi: 10.7554/eLife.19686, Mevi-Schütz, J., and Erhardt, A. J. Exp. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-0858.2016.02.3, Ren, X. Y., Qi, X. Y., An, T., Han, Y. H., Chen, H. Y., and Zhang, L. S. (2016). Neurohormones in insect stress: a review. Glucose is an equally important carbohydrate and all sugars are eventually converted to glucose to provide ATP, an energy source and metabolic intermediate in living cells (Jensen et al., 2015). J. Clin. Syst. doi: 10.1007/s00726-011-1159-9, Wang, Y., Campbell, J. Under laboratory starvation conditions, the concentration of lipids in the hemolymph of B. mori increased (Satake et al., 2000) whereas in Pachnoda sinuata (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), the lipids in the flight muscles and fat bodies significantly decreased (Auerswald and Gäde, 2000). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228104. Entomol. Carbohydrates, mainly in the form of glycogen, trehalose and glucose, play an important role in energy metabolism and metabolite synthesis (Gaxiola et al., 2005; Kehl and Fischer, 2012). Progress in gene features and functions of insect trehalases. Furthermore, as the severity of starvation increases, lipids (especially triglycerides) are broken down to improve hunger resistance. (2006). Language: English. Sci. In summary, we highlight the diversity in adaptive strategies of insects to hunger stress and provides potential ideas to improve hunger resistance and cold storage development of natural enemy insects. doi: 10.7668/hbnxb.2017.03.014. (2015). 49, 255–264. Rev. Adaptations to thermal stress in social insects 13 Although sociality may have pronounced thermoregula- tory bene fi ts, it may also result in signi fi cant trade-offs, as USA.gov. Rep. 5:14285. doi: 10.1038/srep14285, PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar, An, P. N. T., Shimaji, K., Tanaka, R., Yoshida, H., Kimura, H., Fukusaki, E., et al. (2017). 77, 10–20. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. -, Auerswald L., Gäde G. (2000). Adaptations. 10.1038/s41598-017-07566-1 Tom Brakefield/Stockbyte/Getty Images. 45, 233–260. Studies on the Physiological Function and Pharmacological Properties of BdOctβ1R and BdOctβ2R in Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). PLoS One 13:e0191116. In addition, studies have shown that the positive effects of adult amino acids are limited to females, presumably because their high protein demand significantly changes the catabolic rate (Mevi-Schütz and Erhardt, 2005; Bauerfeind and Fischer, 2009). U.S.A. 99, 3446–3451. doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2016.11.003, Cong, L., Jiang, X. Starvation stress during larval development facilitates an adaptive response in adult worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Some insect behaviors and physiological adaptions under starvation conditions.

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